Geographical Regions of Turkey: Black Sea Region

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The Black Sea region covers the part from the Georgian border to the east of the Sakarya Plain along the Black Sea coast. The southern border of the region passes through the southern skirts of the Pontic Mountains. It covers approximately 18% of the country's territory. It's the third-largest region.

The region has a mountainous appearance. The Pontic Mountains in the region are fold mountains extending parallel to the sea. The mountains' elevation is mostly in the Eastern Black Sea and at least in the Middle Black Sea. The part where the landforms are least hilly is the Middle Black Sea region.

The direction of the mountains has caused the population to gather more on the coast, to settle in a scattered way, and to focus on fishing. There are few natural harbors and more cliffs in the coastal area. Vast plains are not encountered on the coasts except for delta plains.

Climate and Vegetation

As the mountains lie parallel to the coast in the region, the black sea climate is effective only on the coastline. The continental climate is effective in the inner parts. The amount of precipitation is high in the coastal area.

The high level of precipitation and slope in the Black Sea Region caused landslides. Landslides are especially high in the East and West Black Sea. Sera and Tortum lakes in the Eastern Black Sea Region and Yedigöller in Bolu are landslide set lakes.

The black sea climate is effective in the lower parts of the mountain slopes facing the sea. In the Black Sea climate, summers are cool (23-24 degrees), winters are mild (5-7 degrees), and rainy in all seasons. It is the region with the highest cloudiness, humidity, and rainfall in the country. The most rainfall is in the autumn, the least in the spring. In the coastal part, the vegetation is forest. The rain in all seasons facilitates forest growth and minimizes forest fires. The Black Sea is the region with the most forests in the country.

The climate in the inner parts is continental; agricultural products vary. Steppes are typical in the lower regions, while mountain meadows and lesser tree communities are common in higher places.


The landforms in the region are hilly, so agricultural areas are limited. The roughness of the landforms limits the mechanization in agriculture. Therefore, the need for human and animal power in agriculture continues. This situation is more evident, especially in the Eastern Black Sea Region.


Tourism in the region has developed thanks to natural beauties, highland activities, Abant and Seven Lakes in Bolu, Kartalkaya winter tourism center, Bolu, Düzce, Trabzon, Amasra, Cide, Sinop, and Safranbolu.

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