Geographical Regions of Turkey: Eastern Anatolia Region
Eastern Anatolia region neighbors Georgia, Nakhchivan, Armenia, and Iran in the east. The region narrows from east to west in the form of a triangle. It is the largest region of the country.
Ağrı, Ardahan, Bingöl, Bitlis, Elazığ, Erzincan, Erzurum, Hakkari, Iğdır, Kars, Malatya, Muş, Tunceli, and Van are the cities in this region.
Eastern Anatolia region is the most mountainous region of the country with the highest average altitude. It's a first-degree earthquake zone. Plateaus cover a large area in the region. Erzurum - Kars plateau is the widest plateau of Eastern Anatolia. Since the mountains in the region mostly extend in the east-west direction, transportation is more developed in this direction.
Due to the region's rugged terrain, the agricultural areas are narrow, so the agricultural population density is high. The meadows that grow with the summer rains have been effective in the development of animal husbandry. The high and rough terrain of the region has affected the climate, agriculture, population and settlement, transportation, industrial activities, and the hydroelectric energy potential of the rivers.
The bed slopes of the rivers of the region are very high, so the rivers with the highest energy potential are in this region. Lake Van, formed by the lava coming out of Nemrut, blocking a valley, is the largest lake in the country.
Eastern Anatolia Region is the region with the highest mineral wealth in Turkey.
Climate and Vegetation
Eastern Anatolia is far from the sea and has the highest average altitude, so the region has a harsh continental climate. It is the region where the average annual temperature is the lowest; the winters are the longest, and the snow cover is the most on the ground.
Temperatures drop down to -40 ° C in winter. Winters are long in the region, especially around Erzurum-Kars, it lasts for 5-6 months. During the summer, the temperature is around 20 ° C and the summer season is short. The annual temperature difference is more than 30 ° C. Rainfall mostly falls in spring and summer. Due to the low altitude (800 m) compared to its surroundings, İğdır plain is the place with the least precipitation in the region. The vegetation in the region is the steppe. In the Erzurum-Kars part, vegetation is lush meadows. There are also forests in some parts.
Eastern Anatolia is the region with the highest altitude and the lowest temperature values in the country, so it's the region where the products mature at the latest; the variety of agricultural products is the least.
The main agricultural products grown in the region are wheat, barley, sugar beet, tobacco, apricot, and potatoes. Malatya ranks first in apricot production in the country.
İshak Paşa Palace, Aziziye Bastions, Erzurum Grand Mosque, Double Minaret Madrasah, Yakutia Madrasah , Ani Ruins, thermal springs in many parts of the region, Palandöken and Sarıkamış ski resorts are important tourism areas.