According to a real estate survey; Turkey's most valuable district is Besiktas which is located Istanbul on the European continent on the Bosphorus coastline. The original name of Besiktas, which is used today, is thought to have come from “Bestas”. According to the narrative, the famous Ottoman Admiral Barbaros Hayreddin Pasha was tying his ships to five stone columns on the shore. This name is said to take the form of ‘’Besiktas’’ over time. Here is what you need to know about Beşiktaş, the first settlement on the shores of the Bosphorus during the Ottoman period.
History of Besiktas
After the conquest of Istanbul, Besiktas was known as a place of attraction for the captains of the period. Especially captains like Barbaros Hayreddin Pasha and Kılıç Ali Pasha are still remembered today. It is accepted that the buildings such as mosques, madrasas, baths and schools built in Besiktas changed the face of the neighborhood after the 17th century. While the population of the region is increasing, filling of the area known as Dolmabahçe Bay coincides with this period. Summer palace is built for the sultans who fill the area on the shores of Beşiktaş and then summer palaces are built by the members of the dynasty. In the 18th century, known as the Tulip Era, the Çırağan Festival is held, especially the palace on the coast in Besiktas. It is known that the flamboyant feasts and entertainments where the upper layer of Istanbul meet have played an important role in the way of life of the period.
''The new'' against the traditional
Besiktas has turned the face of the Ottoman Empire to the West since 19 century and became the center where modernization movements were planned and managed. The modern Nizam-ı Cedid army, which was established instead of the Janissary army, which was constantly defeated in III. Selim’s wars, is home to the barracks on the Levend farm. Another reformer, in addition to summer months, Sultan II. Mahmud begins to spend the winter months in Beşiktaş and Çırağan palaces and Yıldız Pavilion. Thus, Besiktas emerges as the new management center. In the 19th century, the Topkapi Palace was completely abandoned and other dynasty members and state officials began to settle in Besiktas. There are serious changes in architecture in Beşiktaş with the declaration of the Tanzimat in 1839. The most important examples of this are Dolmabahçe Palace, Çırağan Palace, Feriye palaces, Yıldız Palace, Ihlamur Pavilion, Ortaköy Mosque, Mecidiye Mosque, Yıldız Mosque.
The Ottoman dynasty left the country with the end of the Ottoman Empire and the establishment of the Republic. Thus, along the coast of Besiktas coastal palaces and mansions and mansions are evacuated. Some are given to public institutions, some serve as warehouses or schools. Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder of the new Republic, has been living in Dolmabahçe Palace since 1927 as President. He meets with many foreign statesmen like King of England VIII. Edward. Atatürk, who was in Dolmabahçe during his illness, passed away on November 10, 1938.
Istanbul's Attraction Center
Today, Besiktas is home to a significant portion of Istanbul's financial and business centers. It is calculated that the population of the district, which is 200 thousand at night, exceeds 2 million during the day. Besiktas is becoming a central business area with its location in Istanbul in the 1950s. Levent, a neighborhood of garden houses, is growing with new areas added (Second, Third, Fourth). This is followed by Etiler and Akatlar neighborhoods, which start with cooperative houses and rapidly become apartment buildings. During this period, wooden buildings were replaced by apartments. In the 1970s, the construction of the Bosphorus Bridge, one foot in Ortaköy, affects Besiktas in many ways. The hills behind Ortakoy-Rumeli Fortress, Balmumcu, Fulya-Gayrettepe, Kültür Quarter and Ortaköy-Rumeli Fortress are rapidly opening to settlement.
Black and White Loving Hearts
Turkey's Besiktas district is making one of the biggest sports club hosted. Besiktas football team home matches, since 1947 İnönü Stadium has been playing. Köyiçi Square, which has served as a market for centuries, is considered one of the places where Beşiktaş supporters gathered before and after the match. In the square, there is the Eagle Monument, which was built in memory of Beşiktaş Football Teams 2003 Super League championship on the 100th anniversary of the club. ‘’Besiktas Carsı’’ name of the supporters group, one of the supporters of the team supporting the team, but is considered the most famous. ‘’Carsı’’ group is not only related to football and its own team, but also known for its approach to the agenda.
Where to go in Besiktas?
Besiktas is considered to be one of the most colorful districts of Istanbul. Besiktas Bazaar and Besiktas Square are called the heart of the neighborhood. Ortaköy, which is located in Beşiktaş, is known as the most valuable region of the Bosphorus with its Arnavutköy, Kuruçeşme and Bebek districts. Located in the center of the city, the public transportation network (such as sea, bus, metro, minibus, etc.) provides ease of transportation. Located in Besiktas and easily accessible by public transport, Cevahir Shopping Center is among the most visited shopping centers in the district. Akmerkez, Kanyon, Profilo, Metrocity and other popular shopping centers are also very popular for eating and enjoying leisure time. Besiktas, which is one of the districts with the highest quality of life in Istanbul, is considered as the center of attraction in terms of cultural infrastructure. In the Zorlu Center Performance Arts Center (PAC), which has an indoor area of 50,000 square meters, there are musical, dance, opera, pop, jazz and classical music concerts and like events.