Turkey has a unique geographical position partly on land which is partly in Asia, Europe and is a bridge between the two continents throughout history. Turkey's land area is larger than any European state and almost all of the country is on the Asian continent. The country that once has most of the Balkans, has an imperial heritage from North Africa, and the Middle East. Turkey is a unique country that has Istanbul which is one of the most beautiful cities in the world.
Turkey has a distance of 1565 km between the east and the west and 666 km distance between the southern and the northern part of the country. The country has neighbors the Black Sea in the north, Georgia, and Armenia in the northeast, Azerbaijan, Nakhchivan, Iran in the east, Iraq, and Syria in the southeast, Mediterranean and Aegean Sea in the west and in the northeast, European Union countries Greece and Bulgaria. The country also has the Istanbul and the Dardanelles Straits on the Sea of Marmara, also known as the Turkish Straits. Ankara is Turkey's capital and with Istanbul, the largest city and port of the country, which connects Europe and Asia, the country has great influence in the strategically important location.
Turkey has a geographical climate that experiences four seasons at the same time. In the country, which has the characteristic of transition between Mediterranean and Black Sea climates in the coastal regions, the summers are hot and dry except for the Black Sea coasts. In spring and autumn, temperate climate trends are observed. The winters are cold except for the Mediterranean coast and there are few snowy days in the West. Inland soils are mostly snowy and cold, the hottest months are July and August, and the coldest months are January and February.